The Maxim gun was the first fully automated machine gun to be introduced into military service at the end of the 19th century. Gradually refined to become the Vickers 0.303in medium machine-gun, it was used widely by British and Commonwealth forces in both world wars. Operated by a three-man crew, it was popularly known as 'the Vickers'. Firearms expert and acclaimed author Martin Pegler, a former Senior Curator of Firearms at the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, describes the concept of an automated machine-gun and its potential use for land forces; its genesis, design, development and early trials; and the introduction by the UK military of the Vickers machine gun and its adoption for infantry, aircraft and armoured vehicles in the world wars of the 20th century.
This book describes in detail the camouflage and markings of the seaplanes used by the Finnish Air Force and by the Germans from Finnish bases from 1939 to 1945.
Aircraft of different countries of origin are shown in this profusely illustrated book, which includes many historical photographs and colour profiles showing the colours and markings carried by the aircraft. Detailed colour notes and precise descriptions and illustrations of national markings over the period complete a book that will be invaluable to aircraft enthusiasts, historians and aero modellers.
Solferino was the largest battle fought on Italian soil before the First World War, and the culmination of the 1859 campaign in northern Italy. Chiefly remembered today as the catalyst for Henri Dunant establishing the Red Cross, an up-to-date military account of the campaign is badly needed. In this tremendously detailed study the author, a lifelong student of the battle, reassesses the evidence based on an enormous amount of original archival research. Rather than relying on official reports and histories, which were often politically-driven, the author has gone back to the archives, and uncovered, for instance, the role played by cavalry and artillery during the campaign. Decision on the Mincio is supported by an array of illustrations, highly detailed maps and orders of battle
By 1982, the backbone of the Argentine combat aviation, both on the Air Force and the Navy, was formed by three batches of Douglas A-4 Skyhawks, with the A-4B and C of the Air Force and the A-4Qs of the Navy. Despite their age, being a model almost 30 years old at the time of the war, and lacking protection, they took on the overwhelming struggle to fight the British Task Force that opposed the Argentine forces on the Malvinas/Falkland Islands.
The Skyhawks were responsible for inflicting the greatest damage upon the Royal Navy, sinking HMS Coventry, Ardent, Antelope, the RFA Sir Gallahad, and LCU F-4, while damaging many other ships and striking ground targets. They also suffered heavy losses, with 10 A-4Bs, 9 A-4Cs and three A-4Qs lost in combat, with eighteen pilots being killed.
The experience of the Skyhawk during the war was another addition to the legend the model had become over the skies of Vietnam and Israel. Despite many reports to the contrary, at the time of writing the Argentine Air Force still operates modernised A-4ARs and OA-4Ars, and is one of the last two military operators of the Skyhawk in the world.
This book describes in detail the camouflage and markings of the day fighters used by the Yugoslav Air Force from 1918 to 1941.
Aircraft of Yugoslav, British, German, Czech and French origin are shown in many historical photographs and colour profiles showing the colours and markings carried by the aircraft.
Detailed colour notes and precise description and illustration of national markings over the period complete a book that will be invaluable to aircraft enthusiasts, historians and modellers.
With the outbreak of the Hussite Revolution in 1419, Bohemia found itself opposed by a superior force of European crusader armies. German knighthood was experiencing its last heyday. But the Bohemian heretics' army, under the leadership of energetic commanders like Jan Zizka, developed tactics with which they won one battle after another. The employment of the defensive Wagenburg ("wagon castle") and intensive use of the first cannon as field artillery brought them many successes.
The Hussites were the first soldiers since Roman times to employ all the available branches in coordination on the battlefield. This book highlights not just the history of the conflicts, but also the weapons and military branches, organization and tactics of the Hussite armies.