Operation Dragoon is the story of the Allied invasion of the South of France on August 15, 1944. It was, in effect, the second D-Day, launched two months after "Overlord," the Allied invasion of Normandy. As such, it has often been overshadowed by its predecessor, but it significance cannot be underestimated.
"Dragoon" was a largely American-French operation in which the British, who had argued for action in northern Italy, played a smaller role. After nearly five years of conflict, British war stamina had been severely sapped. In contrast, the French, who had been excluded from the overall planning of D-Day, played an important role in Dragoon, supplying the majority of the ground troops in a campaign which began on the beaches of the Riviera and ended in the cool, clear air of the Alpes Maritimes, the sacred ground of France.
Operation Dragoon provides for the first time a complete overview of the liberation of the South of France--from strategic decisions made from the Allied and German high commands to the intelligence war waged by Allied code-breakers; from the German defeat of French resistance forces on the Vergers to the exploits of individual OSS agents on the ground as they strove to keep pace with a fast-moving battlefield. This is the story of the Allies inflicting on the Germany Army a Blitzkrieg-style defeat, expunging the lingering memories of the catastrophe of 1940.
In 1948, only three years after the Holocaust, the newly founded nation of Israel came under siege from a coalition of Arab states. The invaders vowed to annihilate the tiny country and its 600,000 settlers. A second Holocaust was in the making.
Outnumbered sixty to one, the Israelis had no allies, no regular army, no air force, no superpower to intercede on their behalf. The United States, Great Britain, and most of Europe enforced a strict embargo on the shipment of arms to the embattled country. In the first few days, the Arab armies overran Israel. The Egyptian air force owned the sky, making continuous air attacks on Israeli cities and army positions. Israel's extinction seemed certain.
And then came help. From the United States, Canada, Britain, France, South Africa arrived a band of volunteer airmen. Most were World War II veterans-young, idealistic, swaggering, noble, eccentric, courageous beyond measure. Many were Jews, a third were not. Most of them knowingly violated their nations' embargoes on the shipment of arms and aircraft to Israel. They smuggled in Messerschmitt fighters from Czechoslovakia, painting over swastikas with Israeli stars. Defying their own countries' strict laws, the airmen risked everything-their lives, careers, citizenship-to fight for Israel.
They were a small group, fewer than 150. In the crucible of war they became brothers in a righteous cause. They flew, fought, died, and, against all odds, helped save a new nation. The saga of the volunteer airmen in Israel's war of independence stands as one of the most stirring-and untold-war stories of the past century.
Patriots, Royalists, and Terrorists in the West Indies examines the complex revolutionary struggle in Martinique and Guadeloupe from 1789 to 1802. The arrival of tricolour cockades - a badge symbol of the French Revolution - and news from Paris in 1789 undermined the royal governors' authority, unleashed bitter conflict between white factions, and encouraged the aspirations of free people of colour to equality and black slaves to freedom.
This book provides a detailed narrative of the shifting political developments, and analyses the roles of planter resentment of metropolitan control, social and racial tensions, and the ambiguity of revolutionary principles in a colonial setting. Recent scholarship has tended to over-emphasize the colonies' agency, and to accentuate the conflict between masters and slaves, while downplaying metropolitan influences. In contrast, this study seeks to restore the importance of destabilizing political struggles between white factions. It argues that metropolitan news, ideas, language, and political culture: the "revolutionary script" from France; played a key role in shaping the revolution in the colonies.
Among the millions of personnel who served in the north-west European campaign of 1944-5 were hundreds of military chaplains. Almost uniquely, despite the fact that they often worked at or close to the front lines, they went to war entirely unarmed.
This book contains the expertly-edited wartime journal of Revd. Alexander Reynolds, Royal Army Chaplains' Department.
Twenty British Army chaplains died in Normandy, and many others bore the psychological scars of their experiences for the rest of their life. This book contains the wartime journal of one of them, Revd. Alexander (`Sandy') Reynolds, Royal Army Chaplains' Department. The book casts new light on the human experience of the Normandy campaign, the Allied advance towards the Reich, and post-war occupation duties in a defeated Germany. Reynolds' journal is expertly edited by Dr. Simon Trew, Sandhurst historian and an acknowledged authority on the Normandy campaign.
Reynolds's journal provides vivid insights into the everyday experience of British military chaplains in Normandy and throughout the north-west European campaign of 1944-5. During his first week in France, Reynolds personally helped bury around 200 British and German soldiers who died during the D-Day assault.
A humane, honest and thoughtful witness of some of the most dramatic events in 20th-Century history, in this book Reynolds tells the story of the campaign in his own words.
This book is a rare examination of the Luftwaffe's greatest transport aircraft. The Messerschmitt ME 323 started out as the giant glider ME 321 before evolving as a 6-engined giant transport aircraft, capable of hauling up to 22 tonnes of cargo, including tanks. Its nickname "Giganten" was very accurate! Initially designed for the ill-fated planned invasion of Great Britain, "Seelowe", it emerged in active service in time for the turning point in the war, Stalingrad 1942. It was widely used on both the Eastern front 1942 -44 and in the Mediterranean 1942-43. But as it was big, bulky and slow, it very often became an easy target for allied fighters. Nevertheless it played an important part in tactical movement of German forces during the latter part of the war. This book examines in detail the technical aspects of this aircraft, its origins, its design and operational service. It also describes the various versions of it, including the notorious "Waffentrager" that came into service in 1945. Me 323 might have been one of the most ugly looking aircraft of the Third Reich but it was a very effective transporter.Had it not been for the mess the Third Reich administration was in, the blunders the RLM (Reich Air Ministry) made, or the catastrophic fuel situation Germany faced late in the war, this advanced aircraft could have had a much bigger effect.
Dinan tells the story of the design, development, production and operational use of one of World War II's most mysterious aircraft.
This book deals with an aspect of the Great War that has been largely overlooked: the war reportage written based on British and American authors' experiences at the Western Front. It focuses on how the liminal experience of the First World War was portrayed in a series of works of literary journalism at different stages of the conflict, from the summer of 1914 to the Armistice in November 1918.
Sara Prieto explores a number of representative texts written by a series of civilian eyewitness who have been passed over in earlier studies of literature and journalism in the Great War. The texts under discussion are situated in the `liminal zone', as they were written in the middle of a transitional period, half-way between two radically different literary styles: the romantic and idealising ante bellum tradition, and the cynical and disillusioned modernist school of writing. They are also the product of the various stages of a physical and moral journey which took several authors into the fantastic albeit nightmarish world of the Western Front, where their understanding of reality was transformed beyond anything they could have anticipated.
After the American Revolution, sites representing key events in American history were crucial to the young nation's efforts to formalize its story. Following the Civil War, national history became a primary vehicle for patriotic and spiritual reconstruction, and sites such as historic battlefields served important roles in remembering the past during the nation's subsequent challenging periods, including the Great Depression and the Vietnam War.
Gettysburg Contested traces patterns of commemoration back to the well-known field of battle of July 1 3, 1863, which earned a legacy as sacred ground that remains today, more than 150 years later. But the landscape history and record of preservation at Gettysburg are complicated, for Gettysburg has wrestled with large issues, ranging from public versus private development, to the role of local, state, and federal governments, to the actual implementation of memorialization on the battlefield.
Although the story of the battle is ingrained in the fabric of American memory, Brian Black's account considerably broadens the scope. Never before has Gettysburg's story been told so completely, offering layer upon layer, story upon story. Gettysburg thus becomes a springboard to understanding more fully the nation's need for sacred sites and symbols of America's past, including cherished landscapes such as Gettysburg. In Gettysburg Contested, America's treasured battlefield becomes the great laboratory for how Americans preserve and honor the past.
The M3A1 Scout Car, produced by White Motor Company of Cleveland, Ohio, served as the US Cavalry's primary scouting and reconnaissance vehicle during the early days of the US entry into WWII. A powerful Hercules engine, four-wheel drive, and relatively light weight gave the vehicle both impressive on-road speed and reasonable off-road maneuverability. Typically armed with a trio of heavy and light machine guns, the vehicle was not intended to "slug it out" with the enemy, but rather to locate the enemy and, through its impressive array of radio equipment, report the positions to more heavily armed forces. Through dozens of archival photos, including previously unpublished images, as well as details of some of the finest existing examples, this iconic vehicle is explored and its history is explained. Part of the Legends of Warfare series.
Declassified government records shed additional light on the cancellation and subsequent destruction of the Avro Arrow.
The controversial cancellation of the Avro Arrow - an extraordinary achievement of Canadian military aviation - continues to fire debate today. When the program was scrapped in 1959, all completed aircraft and those awaiting assembly were destroyed, along with tooling and technical information. Was abandoning the program the right decision? Did Canada lose more than it gained?
Brimming with information to fill in gaps in the Arrow's troubled history, and with an update on the latest search for the scale models launched deliberately into Lake Ontario as part of the test program, The Avro Arrow tackles the outstanding questions head on.
In January 1945 when the Red army launched their massive winter offensive, a number of German occupied towns on the path of the Soviet advance were declared fortresses by Hitler. The garrisons were ordered to mount last-ditch stands. Posen in Western Poland was one of them. In German hands and on the main route between Warsaw and Berlin it was a serious obstacle to Soviet re-supply efforts.By mid-January the town was surrounded by the Guards Rifle, troops of General Chuikov's 8th Guards Army. The German troops, from a variety of less than experienced units, fought in bitter combat managing to hold the Red Army at bay for a full month. Three survivors of the battle tell us their stories.